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The Duncan Armorial Roll (Scotland)

From the Hague Roll and The Lyon Court of Scotland

by Martin Goldstraw of Whitecairns, FSA Scot and John Duncan of Sketraw, FSA Scot

 
 

Illustrated below are the Duncan armorial bearings (Coats of Arms) as recorded in the Register of all Armorial Bearings in Scotland (the Lyon Register) along with other armorial bearing listed in other sources for those whose arms are not of Scottish origin. On this page it is only the shields which are illustrated; the full achievement (including the crest etc.) will eventually be shown along with perhaps a short biography on individual pages dedicated to each armiger. For the list of Duncan Crests from the Lyon Court Register please click here.

These arms are a perfect illustration of the way in which all new grants and matriculations of Scottish arms try to follow and reflect the “chiefly” or “stem” arms. We can see that the Scottish Duncan arms are predominately based upon a red shield and in the main have a number of common charges such as the cinquefoils and the hunting horn. Once familiar with the composition of one Duncan coat of arms, it is possible to recognise others.

One important point to note is that once aware of this common Scottish practice it becomes even more apparent that those bearing the name of Duncan and its variants did not follow Robertson of Struan in the design of their arms when he changed his name and abandoned the name of Duncan. Please also see The Duncan - Donnachaidh -Robertson, Scenario.

Note: The Lord Lyon of Scotland is a Minister of State and member of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II Royal Household. He is Head of the Heraldic Executive and the Judge of the Court of the Lord Lyon, which has jurisdiction over all heraldic business in Scotland and maintains the Scottish Public Registers of Arms and Genealogies. The position of lord Lyon in Scotland dates from around 1437 with the present 'Register of Arms' at Lyon Court dating from 1672.

A Scottish Armiger is a person who has a coat of arms granted & recorded in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland in the Court of the Lord Lyon in Edinburgh.

[To date the only Duncan armiger we have found with arms based on those of Robertson are the arms of Gordon Stewart Duncan matriculated in the Lyon Register on 25 June 1933 30/64] For the purposes of comparison we have illustrated the arms of Robertson of Struan (Strowan).

Arms of Robertson of Struan

 
 

If you have information on any of the 'Ancestors' or 'Descendents' of the arimigers listed, please contact the society.

 
 
Duncan Arms 1592 1592 Duncane:

Argent, a chevron Sable between two stars Gules and a hunting-horn Sable, stringed Gules. 1592 [Hague Roll]

Crest: none known

Motto: none known

View the original Arms as drawn in the Hague Roll of 1592

Arms of William Duncan & Katherine Wedderburn 1594 - Click for more Information 1594 William Duncan Impaling Katherine Wedderburn

Gules, a chevron Or between two cinquefoils in chief Argent and a hunting-horn stringed in base of the same, tipped and garnished Azure. Argent, on a chevron between three roses Gules barbed Vert seeded Or, a fleur-de-lis of the field. [Wedderburn]

Crest: none known

Motto: none known

Information: Surgeon William Duncan & Katherine Wedderburn

The Arms of Duncan of Mott 1624 1624 Duncan of Mott:

Gules on a chevron Or three buckles Azure between two Cinquefoils in chief and hunting horn in base of the second. 1624 [Pont's Manuscripts]

Crest: none known

Motto: none known

Alexander Duncan of Seaside Arms 1672 1672 William Duncan of Seaside:

Gules, a chevron Or between two cinquefoils in chief and a hunting-horn in base Argent garnished Azure [1672 – 7]

Crest: A ship dismasted (Ancient User) Not registered in Lyon Register (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce pati

Matriculated: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 1672

Alexander Duncan (provost) impaling Drummond Arms 1673 1673 Alexander Duncan of Seaside (Provost of Dundee) impaling Anna Drummond of Megginch:

Gules, a chevron between two cinquefoils in chief Argent and a hunting-horn in base of the same, tipped and garnished Azure
Or, three bars wavy [Drummond]

Crest: A ship dismasted (Ancient User) Not registered in Lyon Register (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce pati

Matriculated: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 1673

The Arms on the Duncan of Seaside Tomb, The Howff Dundee

Arms of John Duncan, Aberdeen 1673 1673 John Duncan, Bailzie of Aberdein:

Gules, a chevron between a saltire inter two talbots’ heads collared in chief and a sinister hand in base couped Argent, a mullet for difference.

Crest: none

Motto: Quod Tibine Alteri

Matriculated: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 1673 Vol. 1 Folio 287

The Arms of Major Robert Duncanson, Argyle’s Foot 1692 Major Robert Duncanson, Argyll’s Foot:

Argent, a chevron Sable between two sheaves of arrows in chief Gules, banded of the field and a hunting-horn in base of the second, stringed and garnished Or. [1692]

Crest: A dextor hand appaumes (Crest Badge)

Motto: Mens et Manus.

Information: Maj Duncanson (Glencoe Massacre)

Arms of Duncan of Ardownie 1698 1698 Duncan of Ardownie:

Gules, on a chevron between three cinquefoils in chief Argent and a hunting-horn in base of the same, tipped and garnished Azure, three buckles of the third.

Crest: A grey-hound issuing from the wreath, proper, collared Or. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Vivat Veritas

Arms of George Duncan, Comptroller of Taxes 1786 1786 George Duncan, Comptroller of Taxes:

Gules, on a chevron Argent between two cinquefoils in chief of the second and a hunting-horn in base Or, stringed and viroled Vert, three escutcheons of the field [1786]

Crest: A dexter hand grasping a scymitar ppr. hilted and pommelled Or. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Deo Juvante Vinco

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 1786

Arms of Alexander Duncan of Parkhill 1809 1809 Alexander Duncan of Parkhill:

Gules, a chevron engrailed Or between two cinquefoils in chief Argent, and a hunting-horn in base of the last, garnished Azure. [1809]

Crest: A ship in Distress on the Sea. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce Pati

Grant:  Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 1809.

Arms of Beveridge-Duncan of Damside 1817 1817 Beveridge-Duncan of Damside:

Quarterly -
1st & 4th Gules, a chevron Erminois between two cinquefoils in chief and a hunting-horn in base Argent, stringed Azure [Duncan (1817)]
2nd & 3rd Vert, two beavers combatant Or, the base wavy Argent and Azure [Beveridge (1813)]

Crest: 1st A Ship under sail in the sea ppr. the main top sail and the fore top sail charged with a sinquefoil gu. and the fore tack with a hunting hornof the last stringed az, for Duncan: 2nd out of a mural crown or. a demi beaver ppr. for Beveridge (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce Pati : Perseverando

Grant:  Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland. 1817

Arms of Duncan-Morison of Naughton 1853 1853
Adam Alexander Duncan-Morison of Naughton:

Quarterly –
1st & 4th Quarters – Argent, on a saltire couped Sable between three moors’ heads couped of the second, banded Or, a heart of the last. [1853]
2nd Quarter: Gules, a chevron Or between two cinquefoils in chief and a hunting-horn in base Argent, garnished Azure, within a bordure of the second [1853]
3rd Quarter -Grand Quarterly –

  1st and 4th Quarters: Argent, a saltire engrailed Sable,
2nd Quarter; Argent, a saltire engrailed between four roses Gules
3rd Quarter; Or, a bend chequy Argent and Sable. All within a bordure Gules [1853]

Three Crests

Crest Dexter: Three Saracens heads conjoined in one neck erased and wreathed about the temples with Laurel all proper. One looking upwards, the others to the dexter and sinister sides.

Motto: Prætio Prudentia Præstat

Crest Centre: A ship in distress in the sea proper. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce Pati

Crest Sinister: An Eagles head erased Or.

Motto: Suffer

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 1853 Vol5 Folio 45.

Arms of Morison-Duncan of Naughton jnr 1876 1876
Capt. Catherine Henrietta Adamina Morison-Duncan of Naughton:

Quarterly –
1st and 4th Quarters -Gules, a chevron Or between two cinquefoils in chief Argent and a hunting-horn in base of the third, garnished and stringed Azure, within a bordure of the second [1876]
2nd Quarter – Argent, on a saltire couped Sable between three moors’ heads couped of the second banded Or, a heart of the third [1875]

3rd Quarter; Grand Quarterly [all within a bordure Gules] -
1st and 4th Quarters; Argent, a saltire engrailed Sable [Haldane1875]
2nd Quarter; Argent, a saltire between four roses Gules [Haldane1875]
3rd Quarter; Or, a bend chequy Sable and Argent [1875]
Crest: none
Motto: none
Grant:  Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 1876 Vol. 9 Folio 93
Arms of Robert Dandas Duncan-Halden Baron of Lundie,  Earl of Camperdown 1882 1882
Robert Dandas Haldane-Duncan, Baron of Lundie, Earl of Camperdown:

1st and 4th quarters: Gules, two cinquefoils in chief and a hunting-horn in base Argent, stringed Azure, in the centre pendant by a ribbon Argent and Azure from a naval crown Or a gold medal, thereon two figures, the emblems of Victory and Britannia, with a wreath of laurel, below the medal the word “Camperdown” [1882]

[The above arms are now borne in the third quarter by Hon. Hew. A.D.H.H.D. Mercer Henderson (1882)]

  2nd and 3rd grand quarters in the centre a crescent Azure[1882];
1st and 4th quarters; Argent, a saltire engrailed Sable
2nd quarter; Argent, a saltire between four roses Gules
3rd quarter; Or, a bend chequy Sable, and Argent

Crest: on waves of the Sea a Dismasted Ship proper. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce Pati

Supporters: On the Dexter side an Angel Mantle parpure on the head a Celestral Crown the right hand supporting an anchor proper on the feet a Palm Brach Gold, on the sinister a sailor habited and armed proper his lefthand supporting a staff thereon hoisted a flag Azure the Dutch colours wreathed about the middle of the staff.

Motto Beneath: Secundis dubiisque rectus

Grant:  Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 1882.

Arms of Lieut. Col. Alexander W. Anstruther-Duncan 1897 1897
Lieut. Col. Alexander W. Anstruther-Duncan:

Quarterly –
1st and 4th quarters; Argent, three piles Sable [Anstruther]
2nd and 3rd quarters grand quarterly;

 

1st and 4th quarters;
Gules, a chevron Or between two cinquefoils in chief Argent and a hunting-horn on base of the third, garnished Azure and stringed of the second a bordure of the same for difference [Duncan1897]
2nd quarter; Argent, three moors’ heads couped Sable, banded Or, in the centre a saltire couped of the second charged with a man’s heart of the third [Morison]
3rd quarter grand quarterly;

  1st and 4th quarter of the 3rd grand quarter; Argent, a saltire engrailed Sable
2nd quarter of the 3rd grand quarter; Argent, a saltire between four roses Gules
3rd quarter of the 3rd grand quarter; Or, a bend chequy Sable and Argent

Crest: two Arms in Armour holding in the gauntlets a Battle axe proper. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Periisem ni Periisem

Grant:  Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 1897

Arms of William McDougall Duncan 1904 1904 William McDougall Duncan:

Gules, a chevron between two buckles in chief, and a bugle horn in base Argent viroled Sable stringed of the second.

Crest: a demi grey hound proper collared Gules (Crest Badge)

Motto: Vivat Veritas

Grant:  Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 13th July 1904.

The Arms of Gordon Stewart Duncan 1933 1933
Gordon Stewart Duncan:

1st and 4th quarters;
Gules, three wolves’ heads erased Argent langued Azure, on a chief second a man’s hand and wrist couped holding a dagger point downwards proper between two mullets of the field – for Duncan
2nd and 3rd grand quarters all within a bordure Argent charged with three wolves’ heads erased Gules – for Stewart of Wester Cluny and Fothergil;

  1st and 4th quarters; Or a fess chequay Azure and Argent, surmounted by a lion rampant Gules armed and langued of the second.
2nd and 3rd quarters; Azure, three garbs Or

Crest: a man’s hand erect holding the Scottish Crown proper (Crest Badge)

Motto: Gloir Duais Cruadail

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 25 June 1933 30/64

Arms of James Alexander Lawson Duncan of Jordanstone 1954 1954 Sir James Alexander Lawson Duncan of Jordanstone, Baronet:

Gules, on a chevron between two cinquefoils in chief Argent pierced Vert, and in base a hunting-horn of the second lines of the third garnished Or and stringed Azure, three buckles of the last their tongues fessways in bend sinister and bend dexter respectively.
1958 recognised as baronet of UK and inescucheon Argent charged with a sinister hand couped Gules in centre chief added to the above arms. Bt. 1954 [extinct]

Crest: A demi Greyhound proper, about its neck a collar Gules embordured Or. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Vivat Veritas

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 1954

Information: The Duncans of Jordanstone & Drumfork

Arms of Sir John McLean Duncanson 1955 1955 Sir John McLean Duncanson:

Argent, on a chevron Sable between two sheaves each of three arrows points upwards Gules banded Sable in chief and a galley in base Vert under full sail Gules oars in action Sable, a mascle between two Lochaber axes blades upwards Or.

Crest: A couped arm naked proper grasping a galley vert, sail furled gules, flagged with a pennant Azure charged with a Saltire Argent. (Crest Badge)

Motto: For Ever Hopeful

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 17th May 1955.

Arms of Thomas McLean Duncanson jr 1955 1955 Thomas McLean Duncanson:

Argent, on a chevron Sable between two sheaves each of three arrows points upwards Gules banded Sable in chief and a galley in base Vert under full sail Gules oars in action Sable, a mascle between two Lochaber axes blades upwards Or. Differenced by label of three points Vert during his apparency.

Crest: A cubit arm naked proper grasping a galley vert, sail furled gules, flagged with a pennant Azure charged with a Saltire Argent. (Crest Badge)

Motto: For Ever Hopeful

Matriculation: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 17th May 1955.

Arms of Col. Sir Alan Gomme Gomme-Duncan of Dunbarney 1956

Arms of Mary Bourne or Gomme-Duncan of Dunbarney 1956

1956 Col. Sir Alan Gomme Gomme-Duncan of Dunbarney:

1st and 4th quarters;
Per bend Gules and Or, a wolf’s head erased Argent, langued Azure in chief and a hunting-horn of the first stringed of the fourth in base, on a canton of the third a round buckle of the fourth [Duncan of Dunbarney]

2nd and 3rd quarters; Argent, a lion rampant Sable, on a chief Gules two sea axes of the first hilted Or surmounted of a pale of the fourth charged with a talbot’s head couped of the second langued Azure – as arms of affection for Gomme.

Impaled with Bourne.
Mary Bourne or Gomme-Duncan of Dunbarney
Per fess wavy Vert and barry wavy of four Argent and Azure, in chief a hurdle Or. Impaled by Gomme-Duncan of Dunbarney

Crest Dexter: A couped arm naked proper grasping a barrulet couped and embellished of three fleurs-de-lis Or. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Animus Facit Nobilem

Crest Sinister: Two Couped arms naked proper saltireways each hand grasping a sea-axe Argent, hilted Or, in pale.

Motto: Per Constanza E Speranza

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 1956

Arms of Charles Freeman Duncan (USA) 1957 1957 Charles Freeman Duncan (USA):

Gules, a pallet Argent between a wolf’s head erased Argent langued Azure and a boar’s head erased Or armed proper and langued Sable, on a chief Argent two round buckles Azure.

Crest: An ancient boat Gules planked and nailed Argent and issuant there from a couped arm attired Sable, the hand naked and proper holding a book Argent, bindings and edges Sable. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Veritas Vivens

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 24th May 1957 Vol. 42 Folio 61.

Arms of Capt. Andrew Charles Duncan 1963 1963
Capt. Andrew Charles Duncan:

Quarterly -
1st grand quarter Gules a chevron Or between two cinquefoils in chief Argent and in base a hunting horn of the third garnished Azure accompanied by four otters’ heads erased alternately with as many cushion all in orle of the third.

2nd grand quarter quarterly over all dividing the quarters a cross engrailed quarterly Argent and Sable charged at the fess point of a sunflower Or [for difference for Sinclair] ; 

 

1st quarter; Azure, a lymphad at anchor Or flagged Gules sails furled Argent oars erect in saltire sable within a double tressure flory counter flory of the second. [Sinclair]
2nd and 3rd quarters; Or, a lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure
4th quarter; Azure, a three masted ship Or under full sail Argent [Sinclair]

3rd grand quarter quarterly all within a bordure quarterly Azure and Gules;
 

1st and 4th quarters; Gules, a lion rampant Argent, within a bordure of the second charged with eight roses of the first. [Dunbar of Northfield]
2nd and 3rd quarters; Or, three cushions Gules within a double tressure flory counter flory of the second.

4th grand quarter; Argent, three lions’ heads erased Sable langued Gules [Buchan of Auchmacoy]

Crest: Ship under full sail per pale Gules & Or, sails and rigging Argent. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Disce Pati

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, June 1963

1981

Andrew A. Duncanson

Argent a chevron Sable in chief two sheaves each of three arrows points upwards Gules banded Sable and in base a maple leaf of the third.

Crest: A dexter hand appaumé Or proper charged with an arrow head point upward Gules. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Mens and Manus

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, March 2nd 1981.

Arms of Robert Hugh Duncan 1992 1992

Robert Hugh Duncan:

Per chevron gules and azure, on a chevron sable fimbrated Or between two cinquefoils argent in chief, and a book expanded argent, binding and fore edges Or, in base a maltise cross argent.

Crest: Dexter hand proper holding an antique crown Or all within two fronds of fern argent. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Tempore beu uti

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 73/77 New Zealand 22 Feb 1992

Arms of Andrew Aitken Duncan 1995 New Zealand 1995

Andrew Aitken Duncan:

Per chevron, in chief tierced per pale gules, Azure and gules and in base gules, on a chevron between a bear’s head couped argent, muzzled gules, accompanied by two cinquefoils argent in chief and a hunting horn of the last viroled and stringed azure in base, an oak tree eradicated between two salmon proper.

Crest: lymphad flagged sable the sail Or charged with a lion rampant gules and on a canton argent a dexter hand couped fessways holding a cross crosslet fitchee in pale gules. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Fear nane but God.

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland, 4th Oct 1995 77/78

Arms of Pearl Rose Duncan 2005 Australia 2005 Pearl Rose Duncan (USA):

Per chevron Gules and Vert, on a chevron Argent between in chief two plates each charged with a flower of the Tree of Life (lignum vitae) Bleu Celeste and in base a lion rampant of the Third, three inkwells Sable.

Crest: None

Motto: None

Grant: Lord Lyon King of Arms, Scotland 2006 Vol. 87 Folio 72

Arms of John Alexander Duncan of Sketraw, KCN, FSA Scot. Click for full achievement of arms 2006

John Alexander Duncan of Sketraw, KCN, FSA Scot:

Arms: Gules a chevronel Or in chief two cinquefoils and in base a dragon’s head couped holding between its teeth a sword in bend sinister hilt upward Argent hilt Or pommel Argent.

Crest: On waves of the sea Argent a lymphad proper under sail Or flagged Gules the sail charged with a clarion Gules. (Crest Badge)

Motto: Savour the Moment

Pennon: Upon a Pennon of 120 centimetres long to these Liveries Or and Gules Arms in the hoist bearing the motto 'Savour The Moment' in two lines counterchanged.

Grant: The Court of the Lord Lyon, 14th December 2007. Register, volume 88, folio 7..

Conferral: by S. A. R. Don Carlos de Borbón-Dos Sicilias y de Borbón-Parma, Duque de Calabria, Conde de Caserta, Infante de España as a Knight Jure Sanguinis, Motto Proprio, Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St George. 28th November 2006, Book 4, Folio 56, No. 3002.

Click here for full achievement of Arms.

 
 

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